Vastu Shastra is a traditional Hindu system of architecture. This translates to “science of architecture”.
I am sure there are other architectural or land management systems, but they have not been documented.
The nearest land management system I could find in the West is called Terroir. This is the set of all the environmental factors that affect the crop.
This is the basis of the French wine Appellation D’Origine Contrôlée system, which is a model for wine appellation and regulation in France and around the world.