The City of London (The City) is London’s financial district. It has a history that dates back some 20 centuries and it is now one of three premier financial centres in the world. The City has always been involved in trading. From the Roman times, a trading hub of the British Empire and now an important world financial centre. Which came first? Is it an auspicious location where people come and succeed? Or people come first and they make it successful?
It has been recorded that Julius Caesar in 55 BC had been reconnoitring the land which later became a trading and defence post of the Roman Empire. It was known as Londinium, the Roman name for London. The Romans chose the 3 hills, now known as Ludgate Hill, Cornhill and Tower Hill for their settlement as it was above the level of the floods when it occurred.
London declined with the Roman Empire but in the 9th Century, it became a trading post with links to Europe. Its wealth and prosperity began to attract invaders with power passing from Viking to the English then to the Normans in AD 1066. London has grown from these humble roots to become a cosmopolitan metropolis and literally, centre of the trading world in the 18 to 20th Centuries.
Map – Wikipedia 13th century
The City is the area North of London Bridge and its present boundaries are indeed the roughly similar to the 13th Century map occupying about a square mile in area. Currently, the City is a financial district and it has its own local government and its own Mayor of the City of London. This is distinctly different from the Mayor of London.
The City vies with New York city as the financial capital of the world with many banking and insurance institutions having their headquarters here. The London Stock Exchange (shares and bonds), Lloyd’s of London (Insurance) and the Bank of England are based in the City together with over 500 banks. London is the world’s greatest foreign exchange market which had about 40% of the daily global trunover of about $4.0 trillion in 2009.
Looking at the map of the City, you can see that it is a random collection of roads and buildings. There was a great opportunity to re-develop the City after the Great Fire in 1666 but, the traders in the City prevailed and they just built their buildings on the land they owned. The current roads of the City are exactly how it was centuries ago. Hence, the roads are going at all the different angles and the buildings have all the different shapes.
There are certain unique features of the City.
1. The dominating building is St Pauls Cathedral. It dominates the West side of the City.
2. There are 40 churches; many were designed by Sir Christopher Wren who also designed St Paul’s.
3. Much of the present day buildings are built over the old Roman city ruins.
Structure of the City
Like all established cities of the world, it is located by the water. A necessity for communications and survival (food and waste). London has the River Thames whose source is in the Cotswolds which is to the North West of London. It then flows into the London area from the West past The City. The energy brings to the City the following characteristics
North West – father – order, management, money,
West – 3rd daughter – fun/drinking, talking/argument,
As the river turns the corner, it is sending energy to various parts of The City.
“Job Description” of the various sections of the City of London (and slightly beyond)
A: This is the area where the Courts of Law are. These include the most important Courts in the UK – Old Bailey (Central Criminal Court), High Court of Justice and the Supreme Court.. From the type of energy coming from the river, these courts are not only have a high reputation of importance in the UK but also, to the rest of the world. These courts are used by parties from many different countries to settle disputes. Certainly this would be an area where there are plenty of lawyers would be setting up their offices. The lawyers who work here can certainly be very wealthy indeed.
B. Fleet Street: This was the area where the UK national papers were published and distributed nationwide. However, in the 1980s, with the introduction of modern technology, the publishers relocated away from central London where they could get more space. For example, News International moved to Wapping, Telegraph moved to Canary Wharf etc. The offices in Fleet Street are now occupied mainly by law firms as the Courts of Law are nearby.
C. St Pauls Cathedral: This is the landmark building of London. The view of the Cathedral is protected. Hence, the buildings in the west side of the City have restrictions in its shape and height. The towers or skyscrapers are further along in the East side of the City have less restrictions.
D. Paternoster Square, just north of St Pauls Cathedral . This is another area where publishers once congregated. However, with the re-development, it is now occupied by businesses in the financial services like banks
E. Bank of England building and Royal Exchange. This is the area where the banks are located. At one time, there was a requirement that the banks should be within a radius of 10 min walking from the Bank of England but this rule was relaxed in the 1980s. This area has a junction of 6 roads and a large open space (forecourt) in front of Royal Exchange building. This place receives energy from 6 different directions. It is filled with energy thereby making it an extremely auspicious location.
F. Lloyds of London. This building houses the London Insurance Market and it is located in the East side of the City. Around this building are the other insurance companies including Swiss Re which developed the Gherkin, also known as the 24 St Mary Axe.
The East side of the City does not have the “demand” as the west side. Also, there are less building restrictions at this end (like the hindering the line of sight of St Pauls Cathedral). This is where the tower or skyscrapers are being built – Heron Tower and a cluster of towers which are under construction like Pinnacle, 100 Bishopsgate, 20 Fenchurch Street, Heron Plaza, The Heron.
It is all about getting the floor area into the square mile. There is always demand for space. Property developers are thinking of ways of getting addition floor area into the footprint of the land. Towers or skyscrapers are being built in the East side of the City. An example of this is 20 Fenchurch Street (Walkie Takie) with its bulbous top as the best rents can be had with floors with a striking view. As a result, the city is a mix of the old with the new. In my opinion, anything goes as long there is funding for the project.
Feng Shui Analysis:
London has established excellent connections to all parts of the world over the centuries. It is located in a time zone which allows communication to both Asia and the Americas.
The City receives energy from the land but mostly from the river. The City is located after the bend in the river. The energy from the river, instead of flowing with the water around the bend, goes straight ahead towards the City (as in the red arrows). The road layout in the City is haphazard.
Therefore, this energy is not distributed evenly as in districts like Canary Wharf . Therefore, some buildings will receive more energy and some will receive less. Also, there are buildings which have plenty of energy around them, but the doors are in the wrong place to receive the energy for the building. It is random. However, there are still a good number of buildings which receive plenty of this energy as shown by the trading record of the district.
This goes back to the Question at the beginning of this post?
Which came first? Is it an auspicious location where people came and succeed? Or people came first and they made it successful?
London has been a trading post since the turn of the millennium some 20 centuries. It is now, one of the top trading centres of the world. This time span is greater than any human being. From the historical record of London, it looks like, more people came to London to work and succeeded than anywhere else over this period of time. It appears that it is the environment or the location of London that helps more people to succeed than other towns or cities.
Feng Shui is a Chinese system of Land Management. It is about how the environment interact with the welfare of man.
(c) Copyright – Dr Michael Oon. All Rights Reserved Worldwide 2012.